Acronym Guide

Food Insecurity readings and research use a variety of confusing acronyms. To make these readings more inclusive, I have complied a guide of commonly used acronyms I have come across:



FI: Food Insecurity


SNAP: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

  • Formerly known as "food stamps"

  • SNAP provides food insecure households with benefits that can be spent on food ingredients

  • The largest nutrition assistance program


TEFAP: The Emergency Food Assistance Program

  • Provides emergency food assistance

  • In times of emergency, TEFAP purchases food directly from US farmers and distributes it states


CFAP: Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

  • Food assistance program created by the Trump Administration in April 2020

  • Provides financial support for farmers who faced financial losses due to the Pandemic and distributes food to states


CSFP: Commodity Supplemental Food Program

  • Provides low-income elderly persons at least 60 years of age with nutritious food


WIC: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

  • Provides low-income pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, infants, and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk with healthy food

SFSP: Summer Food Service Program

  • Also known as the Summer Meals Program

  • Provides free meals to kids and teens in low-income areas to ensure they continue to receive nutritious meals when school is not in session


NSLP: National School Lunch Program

  • Provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or no-cost lunches to children each school day

  • Assists public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions


SBP: School Breakfast Program

  • Reimburses states that operate nonprofit breakfast programs in schools and residential childcare institutions